If you or someone you know has an allergic reaction and needs first aid, there are many considerations other than simply addressing the reaction. Here is a brief tutorial on allergic reactions as well as the appropriate response when you or someone you know has one.
Allergic Reaction First Aid
First, you must be able to identify an allergic reaction when you see or have one. Most people have a quick reaction that generally includes swelling. Some experience swelling around the eyes, others on the skin around the site of exposure to the allergen. Other common responses include sneezing, itching and watering eyes. Yet others can experience swelling in the throat, rendering them unable to breathe.
It is significant to note that many people who have a strong allergic response to any stimulus will often carry prescription medicine to combat the reaction quickly. They know of the allergy, have been prescribed the medicine and know when and how to administer it. If the allergic reaction is strong, they may be incapable of self- administering the medicine and may need assistance.
People can experience an allergic response to nearly anything. Most common amongst those triggers are animal dander, foods, moulds, pollen and more. Less common triggers can include strange foods, sun, water, electronic devices, physical exertion and even heat.
Sugar, wheat and dairy allergies are not as uncommon as many people would believe. Yet other reports strange fruit and vegetable allergies, generally with vomiting and diarrhea as the response to ingestion.
If someone near you has an allergic reaction and needs allergic reaction first aid, first try to determine if the person knows of any allergies and if so, to have them tell you what the allergy is. If they can do that, ask them what their typical reaction is and if they carry medicine to combat the allergic reaction.
If the person having the allergic reaction indicates they are severely allergic or have been having progressively more violent or intense allergic reactions, immediately seek medical attention.
If they are having an allergic reaction with unknown cause, it is also advised to seek medical attention immediately because the trigger may result in a strong reaction to the trigger.
If you personally have an allergic reaction and need allergic reaction first aid, get help immediately if you don’t know the origin. If you have been told to take medicine to combat allergies, take it as soon as the symptoms begin. Don’t wait to see if the symptoms will be severe. Allergic reactions come on fast and can be incredibly intense.
Anaphylactic shock occurs when the blood vessels in your body constrict significantly, causing a fast and sharp drop in blood pressure. Often it comes with difficulty or inability to breathe.
Anaphylactic shock is associated with severe allergic reactions and is a serious threat to the life of the person who has it. It presents with a fast onset, generally only slowed or stopped by a critical dose of Epinephrine, delivered by a prescription Epi-pen.