Over the years, animal bite incidents have been reported all over the world. In some cases, these incidents only result in minor injuries. However, some cases also involve severe injuries and life-threatening issues.
Bites from domesticated animals such as dogs and cats are among the common incidents of animal bites. However, there are also cases that involve wild animals and insects. One of which includes the black widow spider bite.
These spiders are generally nocturnal creatures. These insects like dark corners and prefer to avoid places where they can come in contact with humans. However, some of them can also be seen in areas such as the garage and outhouses. Technically speaking, only female black widow spiders bite humans. They do so when they are protecting their eggs or when they are disturbed.
First Aid For Black Widow Spider Bite
Black Widow Spider Bite: Signs and symptoms
A person who is bitten by a black widow spider often experiences symptoms such as severe muscle cramps, weakness, abdominal pain, and tremors. Large muscle groups are also affected (back or shoulder) and result in extensive pain. An increase in the blood pressure may also be experienced. When a patient’s condition is severe, he/she may experience nausea, vomiting, dizziness, fainting, chest pains, and difficulties in respiratory.
In most cases, the severity of the symptoms directly depends on the patient’s age and physical condition. In fact, children and the elderly are more gravely affected compared to young adults. Although a black widow’s bite rarely causes death to people, it is still encouraged that a patient is given first aid right away. This way, further complications can be avoided.
Black widow spider bite first aid: the basics
Before performing first aid, you must be certain that you are physically, mentally, and emotionally capable. Through this, you will be able to perform efficiently and your patient will remain calm. Upon getting bitten by a black widow spider, call for emergency medical assistance right away. Do not wait until symptoms become severe before calling for help. Always keep in mind that time is an essential factor especially in treating wounds and the efficiency of the treatment.
Stay with the patient
Never leave the patient alone. See to it that he/she is far from further danger. Keep the patient calm and well-rested until help arrives. If the patient is conscious, you can immediately take her to the hospital. If possible, kill the spider, put it in a clean container (a clear plastic bag will do), and bring it with you to the hospital. Taking down important information such as the time of getting bitten and the health condition of the patient before getting bitten can be helpful to the healthcare providers. On your way to the hospital or while waiting for help (if the patient is unconscious), apply ice to the wound. This will help relieve the pain and swelling. However, remember not to put ice directly to the wound. Instead, use a clean cloth or a commercial ice bag in doing so.
Follow up for patients with severe symptoms
In such cases where patients experience severe symptoms, patients will be advised to be admitted to the hospital. Antivenin may also be needed to treat the patient’s ailment.